Theni District is a district of Tamil Nadu state in South India. The city of Theni is the district headquarters. This district is surrounded by the Western Ghats, with it green stretches of cultivated lands and tea gardens.
Silk cotton, soft towels, coffee seeds, cardamom, mango, are the main produce of the district. Theni district is the main route for the tourist bound from Madurai to Kochi via Bodinayakanur and Munnar and Madurai to Thekkadi wildlife sanctuary. Theni district holds Nature's beauty with the Spicy Green Ornaments, Historical Temples and famous water falls.
The District comprises of eight blocks and five revenue taluks covering a geographical area of 3242.30 Sq.km. Theni District is located 450 Km away from south of Chennai, the state Head Quarters. The District is well connected by Roads with major cities of the Tamilnadu State and other neighboring states.
The District is bounded on the North, East and South by Dindigul, Madurai and Virudhunagar Districts respectively and on the west by Kerala State. Theni District is classified as South Zone-VI under Zone X among the 15 agro climate zones in the country.
The main occupation of the inhabitants is Agriculture as Periyar water flows along with the Mullai river through this district and it finally reaches the Dam called Vaigai. Cotton, Mangoes and Bannana and Sugarcane are main crops in this area.
In the hilly areas of the district i.e. Uttamapalaiyam, Periyakulam etc.crops like fruits, vegetables and flowers are grown, which are supplied to other district in the state and also to some northern states. Paddy is cultivated twice in a year.The normal seasons for cultivation of paddy are June-August and September-December.
During these seasons short and long term crops are sown. Dung, leaf manure, tank silt, and Oil Cake besides chemical fertilizers, are the important manures used in the district.Cumbu and groundnuts are also cultivated. Ragi, which is the staple food of the poorest class, is mostly grown as crops like paddy.
Cotton is also sown in rainfed and irrigated areas. Plantain are commonly grown in almost all of the taluks. Oranges, limes, mangoes and grapes are grown in Periyakulam. Tea, coffee and cardamoms are other main products.
The cotton ginning, extraction of oil from various oil seeds, cotton and chilly trading are the main business in this district. Many Textile industries are located in and around Theni as the climate is suitable for Textile Industries and it provides employment opportunity for the local people.
Vermiculate used for manufacturing cement and paints are available in Cumbum Valley area. Once famous for its agricultural products, it retains its agricultural tint of economy and remains a backward industrial area. Industrial estates have come up with orientation for small scale and cottage industries.
This clubbed with liberalised financing by nationalised banks and new enter prenatal stimuli, a dimensional change in the district's economy is visible in the last decade. Handloom weaving is the major household industry in the district.
Other important items of making toys and dolls, processing of food articles, manufacturing of safety matches and its allied articles etc. are worth to mention. Coarse blankets are made in Periyakulam taluk. This is generally used by tribal women of this area. Wax printing is done at Periyakulam.This was prevalent on a large scale during olden time.This art is slowly declining due to mechanical printing.